Pneumoconiosis is an occupational lung disease caused by the inhalation of dust.

Depending on the type of dust, variants of the disease are considered.

Types include:

  • Anthracosis - carbon dust 

  • Coalworker's pneumoconiosis (also known as "black lung") - coal dust 

  • Asbestosis - asbestos dust 

  • Silicosis (also known as "grinder's disease") - silica dust 

  • Bauxite fibrosis - bauxite dust 

  • Berylliosis - beryllium dust 

  • Siderosis - iron dust 

  • Byssinosis - cotton dust 

  • Silicosiderosis - mixed dust containing silica and iron 

  • Labrador Lung (found in miners in Labrador, Canada) - mixed dust containing iron, silica and anthophyllite, a type of asbestos 


Pneumoconiosis in combination with multiple pulmonary rheumatoid nodules in rheumatoid arthritis patients is known as Caplan's syndrome.

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